Kenyan flower exports to Europe fell 50%, affecting about 1 million people.
Restricting trade to control the pandemic damages livelihoods, especially those of the urban poor. The control of future pandemics must strike a balance between health and economic activity.
African urban dwellers pay 55% more in rentals than their counterparts in other cities in the world.
The demon is not density but rather that African countries have not planned and made the investments necessary to manage the downsides of the type of density found in informal settlements.
Sudanese protesters gather to mark the first anniversary of a raid on an anti-government sit-in, in the Riyadh district in the east of the capital Khartoum on June 3, 2020.
(Photo by Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty Images)
Despite its dire health and economic situation, Sudan has yet to access emergency funding to combat COVID-19.
Special steps need to be taken to blunt the impact of school closures, particuarly on girls.
Markets in Africa’s cities are central to the food chain. But many had to close because of COVID-19 measures.
Simon Maina/AFP via Getty Images
Safe rural migration programmes are not a substitute for formal social protection. But they could buy governments some time.
The poorest urban dwellers can spend up to 60% of their income on food.
Africa's industries are not growing at the same pace as its cities, leaving the informal economy as the main source of income for many. COVID-19 lockdowns have cut this umbilical cord.
Urban areas are a fertile ground for contagion
Densely populated urban areas are great drivers of economic development and innovation, but that also makes them a fertile ground for the spread of pandemics.
For Africa’s urban populations, new cities might not be the surest solution.
Constructing fancy 'smart cities' might not be the best solution for Africa's rapidly urbanising populations.
Kumasi in Ghana is one of the world’s fastest growing cities.
Africa is home to the world's fastest growing cities. However, poor governance has robbed the continent of the benefits of people and firms clustering together.
Constraints to growth and productivity remain notable, particularly in agriculture and manufacturing in Uganda.
In coming years, Uganda's GDP growth is set to accelerate as recent and ongoing public investments begin to yield returns.
Kampala experiences heavy traffic in the city due to rapid population growth.
Metropolitan areas are key to economic prosperity of countries. But this is affected when the population grows too fast like in Uganda’s Kampala, where growth has outpaced infrastructure development.
Uganda’s small and medium sized enterprises would facilitate firm growth.
Uganda's economy has seen many changes since independence. Trends in recent years are positive, although some key challenges remain.
Rwandan presidential candidate, Frank Habineza, waves to supporters.
With frequent irregularities, it's easy to become cynical about elections in Africa. But polls are an essential component of the continent's growing democracy.
Ugandan worker picking tea as exports in the country grows.
Uganda needs to boost manufacturing and exports to realise the ambitions listed in its social and economic development plan.
Drying coffee beans in Bugitimwa village, in the area of Mt. Elgon, eastern Uganda.
In the 1980's Uganda was one of the largest coffee exporters in the world, far ahead of Vietnam which hardly exported any. Now the tables have turned raising interesting comparative questions.
People who fled fighting in South Sudan arrive on the border with Uganda.
The risk factors at the heart of vulnerability to conflict can be resolved. But the first step is a ceasefire founded on an inclusive and credible agreement underwritten by the international community
An M-Pesa agent and mobile phone shop in Nairobi. A decade after it was introduced economic benefits are being felt.
M-PESA was launched nearly a decade ago in Kenya. New evidence suggests that the mobile money banking system has helped reduced poverty levels, particularly in households headed by women.
African trade and economic integration is set for growth.
The African trade and integration spaces are seeing significant improvements and gathering even more momentum in the face of Brexit. Sarah Logan looks at the driving factors.
US Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton.
To date, neither Republican presidential frontrunner Donald Trump nor Democratic contender Hillary Clinton have paid significant attention to Africa as part of their campaign efforts.
Workers prepare pipes to service an oil well.
South Sudan is not the only oil-dependent country suffering from the fall in oil prices. Nigeria and Angola are also having difficulties. One solution is for them to diversify their economies.