National Institutes of Health
If the coronavirus is a lock, a drug to defeat it is a key that needs to fit just right.
A rare type of inflammatory disease that causes repeated bouts of high temperatures can run in families. Here's what we know so far.
Are you exhausted? Your immune cells might be too.
The cornerstone of our adaptive immune system is the ability to remember the various infections we have encountered. Quite literally, if it doesn’t kill you, it makes your immune system stronger.
Even without drugs, nets or an understanding of what caused malaria, human bodies were still fighting against the parasite – and winning.
Today, human populations carry heavy genetic marks from the war with malaria. And it is the red blood cell (erythrocyte) that mostly bears the scars.
Many cancer patients have chemotherapy after surgery, but not all of them actually need it.
We have no reliable way of knowing which patients' cancer will return after surgery, so often chemotherapy is given to mop up any remaining cancer cells that may have gone undetected.
Our risk of cancer is determined by a complex mix of genes, environment and lifestyle factors.
Claudia van Zyl
As we age, our DNA accumulates damage, which can increase our risk of developing
cancer. But our cells work hard to guard against cancer – new research explains how.
Researchers are under pressure to deliver publications and win grants.
Without a national office for research integrity, Australia risks losing scientists and research funders to countries with more robust setups.
Immunotherapy works by increasing the magnitude or quality of the patient’s own immune response.
Immunotherapy drugs work by increasing the patient's own immune response. The most successful examples of immunotherapies are drugs that act as antibodies, of which Keytruda is one.
Biopsi cair lebih nyaman bagi pasien ketimbang biopsi standar, yang memasukkan jarum ke tumor padat guna mengonfirmasi diagnosis kanker.
Kabar gembira. Ilmuwan telah mengembangkan sebuah tes darah baru yang menjanjikan mendeteksi delapan kanker berbeda.
Liquid biopsy is less invasive than standard biopsy, where a needle is put into a solid tumour to confirm a cancer diagnosis.
There are currently few effective and non-invasive methods to screen for early stages of cancer. But scientists have now developed a new blood test that promises to detect eight different cancers.
Women’s immune systems mount a significantly stronger response against invaders.
Women have evolved to have stronger immunity than men. But this comes with downsides -
women are more likely to have autoimmune diseases due to their "reactive" immune systems.
Pathogens like malaria get inside our cells - so an antibiotic to combat them needs to as well.
Doxycycline is an antibiotic drug that kills a wide, weird and wonderful range of bugs that are often difficult to treat with other antibiotics.
DNA Nation raises questions of genetics, identity and race.
The SBS documentary DNA Nation tracks three people on their 'individual genetic journey'. But for Indigenous Australians in particular, genetic testing is a can of worms - politically, ethically and technically.
Mefloquine’s chemical structure is based on one of the first malaria drugs, quinine, that comes from the bark of South America’s Cinchona tree.
Cinchona seedlings being packaged for shipment to make quinine, 1943/NLM
Mefloquine was one of around 250,000 chemical compounds tested for malaria-killing activity in the 1960s by the United States military who needed to protect troops from malaria in the tropics.
Babies more likely to have allergies later were born with hyperactive immunity.
New research has found children who are born with overly active immune cells are more likely to develop allergies to milk, eggs, peanuts, wheat and other common foods.
Relapsing infections are critical for sustained malaria transmission in the Asia-Pacific.
Mayeta Clark/Walter and Eliza Hall Institute
A large number of children with malaria in the Asia-Pacific have relapses of the disease, not new infections. Malaria-programs must target these latent infections to completely eliminate the disease.
Alan Finkel is a well respected member of the Australian scientific community.
AAP Image/Alan Porritt
The scientific community reacts to the news that Dr Alan Finkel has been appointed Australia's New Chief Scientist as of 2016.
The 1000 Genome Project is comparing the genomes of thousands of people from around the world.
The 1000 Genome Project has revealed the genetic variations that exist among people around the world, and discovered that some people are missing many genes.
There are still barriers to overcome to keep more women in science.
What is it like to be a woman working in the sciences? While there are hurdles to overcome, there are joys as well. The new SAGE initiative hopes to make STEM even more amenable to women.
Jolie Pitt has announced she has had her ovaries and fallopian tubes removed to mitigate cancer risk.
Jolie Pitt has announced more surgery, this time to mitigate her risk of developing ovarian cancer. But this should ideally not have the same "Jolie effect" as her last operation.