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Professor of International Relations, University of St Andrews

My main teaching and publishing interests lie in the following areas of the study of international relations:
- The ways in which the global order has evolved over the past century, and in particular how that order has been developed under the leadership of the United States and, to a lesser but still important extent, the U.K.
- The principle ways in which the international community, led by the liberal democratic Powers, has developed methods of dealing with the aftermath of major wars. In particular I am interested in the ways that such notions and practices as 'reconstruction' have evolved. This has led to a number of publications already, including 'Liberalism and War', Routledge, 2006.
- The culture and practices involved in the practical and theoretical issues surrounding international conflict resolution and transformation. My main hands-on experiences have been in Eastern Europe since the end of the Cold War, and especially in Moldova, but also in Eritrea. A book (with Roger Mac Ginty) on 'Conflict and Development', Routledge, 2009 was one result of this (new edition 2016).
- I am very interested in the ways in which France has related to the 'Anglo-Saxon' powers since 1900. I have now published two books: 'France, Britain and the United States, 1900 - 1940', Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, and a second volume, covering 1940 - 1961, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.


  • –present
    Professor of International Relations, University of St Andrews