B.A (Hons.) University of Liverpool (1995)- Modern History and Politics
MA, Politics and Irish Studies, University of Liverpool (2009)
PhD, 'Warm Words or real change?: Conservative social policy since 1997', University of Liverpool (2013)
Author of 'The Evolution of Conservative Party Social Policy' (2015)
Co-author (with Kevin Hickson), 'John Major: An Unsuccessful Prime Minister?' (2017)
Member of the Higher Education Academy (HEA)
Author of various articles and contributor to academic textbooks.