Caroline has a First-Class Honours Degree in History, an MSc Econ in Strategic Studies and a D-Phil in International Relations. She was before joining Loughborough, Professor of War Studies at the University of Warwick and at the University of Hull as well as Professor of International Relations at Sheffield University.
Caroline studies and writes on contemporary war and political violence. She is interested in how the Cold War developed after the Second World War and how the United States and the Soviet Union conducted foreign policy under the shadow of nuclear weapons. She is also studying the legacies of the Cold War on current Russian foreign policy and how the 9/11 wars in Iraq and Afghanistan grew out of the fractured politics of the 1980s and 1990s. Here, Caroline looks at both traditional and new forms of terrorism. Over the last 10 years she has been working on the impact of IEDs on warfare but is also now researching how the use of armed drones affects counter terror policy and particularly how civilians are affected by drone warfare. On this topic, Caroline published with colleagues ‘Drone Chic’ for the Oxford Research Group in April 2016 questioning how precise drones might actually be in terms of civilians affected during and after a ‘strike’. This piece is available online.
A second part of Caroline's current research looks at the possibility for confrontation in the High North and how global warming will affect both human and hard security in the Arctic. Caroline's latest publication is 'Turkey: A New Polar Power?' written with Duncan Depledge and Ali Bilgic in The RUSI Newsbrief, 9 April, 2020.
A recent publication is ‘Liberal Feminisms, Militaries and War’ in The Palgrave International Handbook of Gender and the Military. Palgrave, 2017. Pp. 23-39 which examines how female soldiers are incorporated in to and affected by combat. Caroline is currently working on a book project entitled 'Counter-Insurgency and getting the Woman Question Wrong' and a second book on Urban Warfare after Ireland.
Caroline was visiting Fellow at the Rothermere Institute at the University of Oxford in 2018 and is currently a specialist advisor to the House of Commons Select Committee on Defence.