Fridolin Krausmann is professor of sustainable resource use at the Institute of Social Ecology at Alpen-Adria University in Vienna (Austria). In his research he focuses on socio-metabolic transition processes. He studies long term changes in the use of energy, materials and land in local rural and urban systems, national economies and at the global scale. His research contributed to the development of socio-ecological methods (e.g. material flow analysis, human appropriation of net primary production) and their adaptation for application in environmental history. He has published over 90 articles in peer review journals and 50 contributions to books.