Joshua D. Freilich is a member of the Criminal Justice Department and the Criminal Justice PhD Program at John Jay College, City University of NY. He is also a lead investigator affiliated with the National Counterterrorism Innovation, Technology, and Education (NCITE), a DHS Center of Excellence. Freilich is the Creator and co-Director of three open source data collection efforts, the U.S. Extremist Crime Database (ECDB), the U.S. School Shooting Database (SSDB), and the Extremist Cyber Crime Database (ECCDB). His research has been funded by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Freilich's research focuses on the causes of and responses to terrorism, bias crimes, school violence, cyber-terrorism, measurement issues, and criminology theory, especially environmental criminology and crime prevention.