Julie Novkov's research and teaching are situated at the intersection of law, history, U.S. political development and subordinated identity. She is particularly interested in the way that the law defines and translates categories associated with identity, such as race and gender, and the ways that these categories transform and are transformed by legal discourse.
Novkov is the author of Racial Union. This book argues that the criminal regulation of interracial intimacy played a pivotal role in shaping and reflecting the development of white supremacy in Alabama between the end of the Civil War and the beginning of the Civil Rights Era. Her first book, Constituting Workers, Protecting Women, addressed gender and constitutional development, rereading through the lens of gender the history of the courts' unwillingness to accept protective legislation for workers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. She is also the author of The Supreme Court and The Presidency and the co-editor of Statebuilding from the Margins, Race and American Political Development and Security Disarmed.