Dr Michael Keating was Head of the Australian Public Service and was the Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (1991 to 1996). Prior to that he was Head of the Department of Employment and Industrial Relations (1983 to 1986), and Head of the Department of Finance (1986 to 1991). During those years Dr Keating led much of the advice and was responsible for implementing many of the reforms affecting the Australian public sector. Also for 11 of those years, Dr Keating was a member and then Chairman of the Committee of heads of agencies that serviced the National Security Committee of Cabinet.
Subsequently, from 1997 to 2007 Dr Keating was a Visiting Fellow in the Economics Program in the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University, and an Adjunct Professor at Griffith University from 1997 to 2001. Since 2012 Dr Keating has again been a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University. In addition, Dr Keating has served on a large number of government and private company Boards, the Council of the ANU and its Finance Committee, and has worked as a consultant to major companies and governments on corporate and government strategy and policy