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Mohamed Haji Ingiriis

Doctoral candidate, University of Oxford

Mohamed Haji Ingiriis, DPhil (PhD) candidate in Modern African History at the Faculty of History, University of Oxford, is a Somali scholar specialising in Somali Studies in particular and African Studies in general. He is Research Fellow at the African Leadership Centre at King’s College London. He also serves as Associate Editor for the Journal of Somali Studies and Book Reviews Editor of the Journal of the Anglo-Somali Society. He is now the lead researcher of a peace-building research project, run by the African Leadership Centre. He is also a country expert for Somalia/Somaliland at the Varieties of Democracy, the Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Ingiriis has also acted as an expert adviser to several immigration court cases in the U.S. and the UK. He is also a contributor to several Somali newspapers and websites. He continually conducts fieldwork research trips in and on Somalia (including Somaliland), Djibouti and Kenya (Nairobi and Rift Valley region), and Ethiopia (Addis Ababa, Dirirdhabe, Harar and Jigjiga).

Ingiriis has read his undergraduate studies in Philosophy at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium and also studied Media Law (graduated with Distinction) in London School of Journalism (LSJ). He holds two Master’s degrees: an M.Sc. in Organisation and Community Development from the Department of Social Sciences and Humanities at the London Metropolitan University (2012) and an M.A. from the Departments of Anthropology and History at Goldsmiths, University of London (2013). His MS.c. dissertation, entitled ‘Between Struggle and Survival: The Status and Position of Women in Somali Society’, dissected the contemporary interplay between the patterns of (trans)formation(s) and gender development in the Global South, with a special focus on Somali women. Graded with a Distinction, the dissertation was concerned with the conjunctions of socio-political movements during the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, as well as the politics and poetics of peace in (post)-‘civil’ war Somalia. His M.A. dissertation, titled ‘Encounters and Interactions: The Qadiriyya Tariqa and the European Colonial Powers in (and Beyond) the Somali Territories, c. 1884-1935’, was also graded with a Distinction, exploring comparatively contrapuntal contacts between the Sufi Turuq and the colonial states in the northern and southern Somali territories and Tanganyika/Zanzibar (present-day Tanzania) during the late in the nineteenth- and early in the twentieth-century period. His current doctoral dissertation tentatively entitled ‘Religious/Secular Plural Politics: The Development of Modern Somali Nationalism, 1887-1947’ covers early colonial and late colonial periods, seeking to study the early emergence of national consciousness in Somali society.

Ingiriis has written on cultural, historical, intellectual, legal, maritime, political, social and security aspects of Somalis. He locates his work at the intersection of state systems and structures that shape societal changes in African societies. His numerous research papers and academic articles have been published in prestigious scholarly articles. He has completed two book projects on the theme of the Somali State fragility and failure (with a specific focus on the Siad Barre regime), the first being published in 2016 by University Press of America. He has also contributed to dozens of edited books on Africa and the wider world.


  • –present
    Doctoral candidate, University of Oxford