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Mohammed Ibrahim Shire

Senior Lecturer in Security and Risk, University of Portsmouth

Dr Mohammed Ibrahim Shire is a senior lecturer in Security and Risk at the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Portsmouth. Dr Ibrahim Shire's research agenda takes a broad interdisciplinary approach to terrorism and political violence in Africa and crosscuts aspects of criminology, political science, peace and conflict studies and computer science. He is also the director for Somali Faces, an award-winning storytelling organisation that raises awareness for social justice in Somalia.


  • 2021–present
    Senior lecturer, University of Portsmouth
  • 2019–2020
    Lecturer, University of Portsmouth
  • 2018–2019
    Postdoctoral research fellow, Griffith University


  • 2018 
    Loughborough University, Doctor of Philosophy
  • 2013 
    Loughborough University, Master of Science
  • 2008 
    University of Leicester, Bachelor of Science


  • 2021
    Provocation and attrition strategies in transnational terrorism: the case of Al-Shabaab, Terrorism and Political Violence
  • 2021
    Protection or Predation? Understanding the Behavior of Community-Created Self-Defense Militias During Civil Wars , Small Wars & Insurgencies
  • 2021
    Dialoguing and negotiating with Al-Shabaab: The role of clan elders as insider-partial mediators, Journal of Eastern African Studies
  • 2020
    More attacks or more services? Insurgent groups’ behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic in Afghanistan, Syria, and Somalia, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression
  • 2020
    How do leadership decapitation and targeting error affect suicide bombings? The case of Al-Shabaab, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism
  • 2019
    Brothers in arms: the phenomenon of complex suicide attacks, Terrorism and Political Violence