Patrick was formally Research Fellow in the Department of Politics at the University of Manchester, and Gwilym Gibbon Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford. He is currently a Visiting Fellow at Kellogg College, University of Oxford and an Associate Member of Nuffield College. He is a local councillor in the London Borough of Southwark, Vice-Chair of the think-tank Policy Network, a member of the Advisory Board of the Social Market Foundation, and sits on the Scientific Council of the Foundation for European Progressive Studies. Patrick held a number of senior posts in British central government between 2000 and 2010, and was formally Head of Policy Planning in 10 Downing Street. He has been a trustee of the Bromley by Bow Centre, a pioneering voluntary organisation led by the local community in East London.
Patrick has contributed op-ed articles to the Financial Times, the Guardian, the Independent, the Wall Street Journal, the Times Educational Supplement, the New Statesman, Progress, Renewal, and Tribune. He comments regularly on numerous national media outlets, and has given interviews on the BBC Radio Today programme, the Westminster Hour, Start the Week, Newsnight, Sky News with Adam Boulton, and CNBC news. He contributes to other European newspapers and journals including Die Zeit, Italianieuropei, Berliner Republik, and Berlin Network.