Paul F. Clark is Professor and Director, School of Labor and Employment Relations at Penn State University. His research has focused on employment relations in the U.S. healthcare, steel, and coal industries; labor-management partnerships; union member commitment and participation; the American labor movement, and the globalization of labor markets. His research has appeared in the leading scholarly journals in industrial and labor relations, applied psychology, and international labor issues. He is the author of three books and the editor of three edited volumes. He has worked on training programs and research projects for over fifty national unions, and many local and regional unions, including AFSCME, the Steelworkers, SEIU, American Federation of Teachers, United Food and Commercial Workers, Communications Workers of America, National Education Association, and the Pennsylvania and national AFL-CIO.