Paul is Professor of Housing and Social Policy at Sheffield Hallam University. He has undertaken research on a range of subjects including the impact of welfare reforms, including Universal Credit; Housing Benefit, and 'resilience' to economic hardship. Paul has undertaken major research projects for a number of funders including: the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC); the Joseph Rowntree Foundation; the Department for Work and Pensions; and , the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. Paul is a Co-Investigator of the ERSC funded, the Collaborative Centre for Housing Evidence (CaCHE). Paul is the Departmental Research Lead for PSP and Co-Director of the Sheffield Institute for Policy Studies.