Rainer Schulze studied History, English and American Literature and Linguistics and Education at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (Germany) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA). He is Professor of Modern European History at the University of Essex (United Kingdom) and Member (2011-2013 Director) of the Human Rights Centre.
He has specialised in twentieth-century German history, the history of Bergen-Belsen and the history of genocides and forced migrations in twentieth-century Europe. 2000-2007 he worked as one of the project leaders of the international team of researchers preparing a new permanent exhibition at the Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen, and in 2005 he became a member of the International Experts' Commission for the Rededelopment of the Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen, the only representative from the United Kingdom. He is the co-ordinator of the annual Holocaust Memorial Week at the University of Essex and of the Dora Love Prize, and the founding editor of the journal 'The Holocaust in History and Memory'.
His current projects are on 'Holocaust and Memory' and on 'Unheard Voices: the Roma in twentieth-century Europe'.