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Professor of Economics, University of Sussex

Richard S.J. Tol is a Professor at the Department of Economics, University of Sussex and the Professor of the Economics of Climate Change, Institute for Environmental Studies and Department of Spatial Economics, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

He received an M.Sc. in econometrics (1992) and a Ph.D. in economics (1997) from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is ranked among the top 100 economists in the world, and has over 200 publications in learned journals (with 100+ co-authors), 3 books, 5 major reports, 37 book chapters, and many minor publications.

Formerly, he was a Research Professor at the Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin, the Michael Otto Professor of Sustainability and Global Change at Hamburg University and an Adjunct Professor, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

He has had visiting appointments at the Canadian Centre for Climate Research, University of Victoria, British Colombia, at the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, University College London, and at the Princeton Environmental Institute and the Department of Economics, Princeton University.

He specialises in the economics of energy, environment, and climate, and is interested in integrated assessment modelling. He is an editor for Energy Economics, and an associate editor of economics the e-journal. He is advisor and referee of national and international policy and research.

He is an author (contributing, lead, principal and convening) of Working Groups I, II and III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, shared winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007; an author and editor of the UNEP Handbook on Methods for Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies; a GTAP Research Fellow; and a member of the Academia Europaea.

He is actively involved in the European Climate Forum, the European Forum on Integrated Environmental Assessment, and the Energy Modeling Forum.


  • 2012–present
    Professor of Economics, University of Sussex
  • 2008–present
    Professor of the Economics of Climate Change, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • 2006–2012
    Research professor, Economic and Social Research Institute
  • 1998–2008
    Adjunct professor of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University
  • 2000–2006
    Professor of Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University
  • 2005–2006
    Visiting professor, Princeton University


  • 1997 
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, PhD (economics)
  • 1992 
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, MSc (econometrics)


  • 2014
    Climate Economics: Economic analysis of climate, climate change, and climate policy, Edward Elgar


Member, Academia Europaea