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Senior Lecturer in the School of Psychology, University of Lincoln

In recent years, my direction within psychology has led to the emergence of two related paths of research:

1. Face perception and social cognition - Utilising an evolutionary approach, I have been focusing on the signalling of personality and health information from the face, both in humans and chimpanzees, and have proposed the idea of a shared system across species. This investigation into social signals has also included own- and other-race faces, as well as information signalled through gait (using motion capture techniques).

2. Facial recognition and within-person variability - I have been using computational modelling in order to investigate the nature of within-person variability. I am trying to understand how we are able to recognise a familiar person from multiple (unstandardised) photographs, despite how varied these images often are. Through the use of principal components analysis and other techniques, I hope to model the variability of an individual and explore how idiosyncratic this variation might be.


  • 2017–present
    Lecturer, University of Lincoln
  • 2017–2017
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Trent University
  • 2015–2016
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of York
  • 2013–2014
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Aberdeen
  • 2013–2013
    Research associate, University of Kent
  • 2012–2012
    Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Brock University
  • 2011–2012
    Research officer, Bangor University
  • 2007–2008
    Research assistant, Bangor University
  • 2005–2007
    Research associate, Indiana University - Bloomington


  • 2012 
    Bangor University, PhD in Psychology
  • 2005 
    University of Sussex, MSc in Evolutionary and Adaptive Systems
  • 2003 
    University of Oxford, BA in Experimental Psychology

Professional Memberships

  • Experimental Psychology Society