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Senior researcher NZ, La Trobe University

Outcomes are results that matter, beyond activities, processes and outputs (often mislabeled 'outcomes'). Currently focused mostly on the 'war' against money laundering, arguably the least effective anti-crime measure, ever, anywhere (as quoted in US Senate testimony). Unlocking new ways to achieve better outcomes in such areas offer practical lessons to help resolve 'merely' intractable issues elsewhere.

Contact & Portfolio


  • 2004–present
    Director, Team Factors Ltd
  • 2018–present
    Senior researcher, La Trobe University
  • 2013–present
  • 2002–2005
    Council member, NZ Law Society
  • 2002–2004
    President, Corporate Lawyers Association
  • 1997–2003
    Group Counsel, Telecom NZ
  • 1995–1997
    Senior solicitor, Russell McVeagh
  • 1992–1995
    Senior solicitor, Slaughter and May
  • 1989–1992
    Solicitor, Russell McVeagh
  • 1987–1988
    Law clerk, Connell Lamb Gerard


  • 2017 
    Griffith University, PhD (Excel) - policy effectiveness, outcomes, money laundering
  • 1992 
    Auckland University, LLB (Hons)
  • 1989 
    Auckland University, BCom (Econ)


  • 2020
    [EU] Response to money laundering scandal: Evidence-informed or perception-driven?, Journal of Money Laundering Control
  • 2019
    Anti-money laundering ratings: Uncovering evidence hidden in plain sight, Journal of Money Laundering Control
  • 2018
    Uncomfortable truths? ML=BS and AML=BS squared, Journal of Financial Crime
  • 2018
    Anti-money laundering effectiveness: Assessing outcomes or ticking boxes?, Journal of Money Laundering Control