Scott Jasper, CAPT, USN (ret) is a Senior Lecturer at the National Security Affairs Department at the Naval Postgraduate School, specializing in defense strategy, hybrid warfare, and cyber policy. He is regularly engaged by the DSCA Institute for Security Governance to provide support to foreign governments. Scott has published chapters in various handbooks related to cybersecurity and articles in Strategic Studies Quarterly, the International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, United States Cybersecurity Magazine, The National Interest, Small Wars Journal, and The Diplomat, and blog posts for The Conversation, the Atlantic Council and Council on Foreign Relations. He is the author of Russian Cyber Operations: Coding the Boundaries of Conflict, Strategic Cyber Deterrence: The Active Cyber Defense Option and editor of Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons, Securing Freedom in the Global Commons, and Transforming Defense Capabilities: New Approaches for International Security. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Reading, U.K.