I studied political and social sciences and economics. I have inquired into the domains of poverty alleviation, capabilities, local governance and practical norms (see recent book with Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan). I have published mainly on poverty, regress and development in Congo-Kinshasa but have occasionally done some work on Nicaragua, Rwanda and Cameroon. I am actually focusing my research and policy advisory work on local aspects of public action in DRC. This focus links me to the IOB's Great Lakes of Africa Centre. I also coordinated a consultancy project on the sector of primary education in DRC on behalf of UNICEF. Before coming to Antwerp, I worked at the Universidad Centroamericana (Managua, Nicaragua). I was chair of IOB between 2012-18.