Senior Lecturer in Sports Management and Development, University of Portsmouth

My main area of research currently is refereeing in football. My research has considered refereeing drop out rates in football and refereeing training and retention. Currently I focus on the differences in training and experience between referees and associations within Europe and the potential impact that cultural differences have on referee development. My research considers the effect of globalisation on sport and football and the impact that this has had, particularly on refereeing.

I have recently published an article entitled “Leading elite association football referees: challenges in the cross-cultural organization of a geographically dispersed group’ in the ‘Managing Sport and Leisure’ journal and am currently working on a book with a working title ‘Elite Soccer Referees: Officiating in the Premier League, La Liga and Serie A’ due for publication with Taylor & Francis.

At the University of Portsmouth I currently teach sports development and related subjects. I am unit coordinator for Sports Event Organisation and Event Management in Sport as well as contributing to Sports Development Principles, Sport and Society, Comparative Sports Provision, Research and Philosophy in Sports Development and Research Applications in Sports Management.


  • –present
    Senior Lecturer in Sports Development, University of Portsmouth