Professorial Fellow, Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT), United Nations University

I am Professorial Fellow at UNU-MERIT and Professor in Business and Entrepreneurship at Maastricht University. I am also Visiting Professor at RWTH Aachen University in Technology, Innovation, Marketing and Entrepreneurship, and a Research Fellow at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics. My research is broadly concerned with entrepreneurship, innovation and technology in economic development, and how this is mediated by institutions, trade, geography and human nature. I have been expert advisor to virtually all the global development organisations - most recently for the World Trade Organisation’s World Trade Report on Digitisation and Trade (2018).

Currently I am working on the relationships between technology (such as AI) on development, growth and security, on the nature and consequences of what has been called the 4th Industrial Revolution, especially for catching-up economies, and on the decline in entrepreneurship and innovation in advanced economies.


  • 2013–present
    Research Fellow, IZA Institute of Labor Economics
  • 2014–present
    Professor , Maastricht University
  • 2011–present
    Professorial Fellow, United Nations University (UNU-MERIT)
  • 2018–present
    Research Fellow, Africa Studies Centre Leiden University
  • 2018–present
    Visiting Professor, RWTH Aachen University
  • 2018–2019
    Academic Visitor, Said Business School, University of Oxford
  • 2007–2011
    Senior Research Fellow, United Nations University (UNU-WIDER)