The pharmaceutical waste from Buffalo City dump sites reveals that the sale of over-the-counter drugs remains vastly unregulated and under-researched.
In the 1950s, the African yam was exploited by drugs firm Boots to produce cortisone. But South Africans fought back against the plundering of a plant that they used for traditional healing.
Sedatives contributed to a pharmaceutical revolution in South Africa in the divided 1950s, especially among white users.
There are two histories of dagga in South Africa - the one of criminalising it and the other of the state trying to make money off it.
Opium played a fascinating role in southern African colonial politics, conﬂict and social change - from the poppy fields of Mozambique to the early days of Johannesburg city.
From colonial poppy fields to pharmatrash, southern Africa offers a fascinating history of drug regimes – one that helps us make sense of drug policies and legislation today.