There is more support for democracy among African people than is often recognised. Yet this can be undermined by election rigging and is lower in countries like Lesotho, Mozambique and South Africa.
The recent spate of military takeovers, most recently in Chad, highlights a developing trend by armed forces in Africa which overtly subvert constitutional governance.
The resistance during this election cycle is even more passionate than in recent years.
Biya’s long rule has robbed Cameroon of its credibility as a stable and peaceful country.
History will judge Nkurunziza as a man who brought unnecessary pain to a nation that had long suffered from political misrule.
The Dos Santos family and their supporters claim they are the objects of political persecution.
Crony capitalism became firmly embedded under Ben Ali, benefiting his family and close friends.
It remains to be seen how much longer the ‘old men syndrome’ will persist in Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa, despite growing frustration among the politically powerless.
Robert Mugabe’s years of playing one group off against the other to favour himself finally wore too thin in 2017.
Africa’s democracies have grown stronger during a period in which the world is backsliding on democracy.