There are reasons to be cautiously optimistic about Bissau-Guinean politics going forward.
It's an achievement in itself that Malawi is holding its sixth multi-party national elections since its transition from dictatorship under former President Kamuzu Banda.
South Africa's polls have been praised for adhering to international election best practice. But, they are not without problems.
There are question marks over whether Nigeria's upcoming elections will be credible.
Countries that regulate political party funding do so to preserve their sovereignty and integrity of domestic politics.
African countries' adoption of e-government platforms hasn't served the majority of their citizens.
The DRC's Constitutional Court has upheld Felix Tshisekedi's presidential election win.
Confidence in democracy in the DRC will be built through incremental steps.
Felix Tshisekedi may have clinched DRC's presidency but the road ahead won't be a smooth one.
Referenda have their place in democracy, but can also be misused.
The DRC could be the exception after a year in which opposition parties fared badly across East and Central Africa.
Mali has had a tumultuous 2018, and 2019 might not be any better.
Surveys shows that the majority of Africans prefer democracy, despite its flaws, to the alternatives.
It's been an eventful year for the Democratic Republic of Congo as the country prepares for elections.
The ANC has lost so much support among its traditional voters it's now forced to look beyond them to retain power.
Can Obiageli Katryn Ezekwesili become the next Nigerian president?
Electoral support by trade union federation Cosatu has been a huge asset for South Africa's governing ANC.
Incumbent Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta will be Mali's next president but an unremarkable first term, and a flawed election, could put a dent in his legacy.
Zimbabwe's new president promised to deliver the country citizens want but the nation remains on edge.
Nigerians go to the polls in 2019 in an election that the incumbent Muhammadu Buhari wants to win by any means necessary.