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Articles on Peace & Security

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Kenyan soldiers stand over caskets bearing the remains of their fallen comrades during prayers in 2016. Tony Karumba/AFP via Getty Images

Why Kenya’s defence forces fell at the battle of El Adde

In January 2016, Kenyan troops were defeated by Al-Shabaab militants at El Adde in Somalia. This is why it happened.
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, left, and Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok at an October 2020 ceremony celebrating the peace deal. Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty Images

Peace in Sudan: patience is required for the long road ahead

The transitional government has achieved a monumental milestone, but peace agreements in Sudan have been known to fall apart quickly.
Former President Mwai Kibaki signs the new constitution in Nairobi in 2010 before former Attorney General Amos Wako. Tony Karumba/AFP via Getty Images

Why Kenya’s constitutional duels are all about power struggles among the elite

Kenya’s constitution-making process has exhibited a gyration pattern that often starts with a belief that governance reforms can rectify the country's problems, but ends up as a power struggle.
A ship in the Lobito harbour seen through an apartment window in 2014. Photo by Jess Auerbach

An unconventional look at life in Lobito: beyond Angolan stereotypes

Angola has a complex history in which war has featured prominently. There is much more to the country than that, and a new book provides insight on beauty, happiness, and everyday life in Benguela.
French Air Force soldiers work on a Boeing C135 parked on the French Air Force base in Niamey, Niger in December, 2017.

Why foreign countries are scrambling to set up bases in Africa

The Horn of Africa is the epicentre of foreign military activity. Foreign troops have been deployed to support peace initiatives, subdue terror groups and support foreign security initiatives.
Eritrea’s President Isaias Afwerki (left), Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (right) and Somalia’s President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.

Why a proposed Horn of Africa bloc could destabilise the larger region

The proposed cooperation promises to address transnational problems within the three countries but it might alienate the rest of East Africa.
A demonstrator stands with a sign reading: “Demands: sack the local authority, disarm militias, protect citizens, cattle, and farmland, and end friction between farmers and shepherds”, during a protest in Central Darfur. Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty Images

Darfur: how historical patterns of conflict are haunting current violence

The root causes of the ongoing conflict in Darfur are rising to the surface amid an influx of arms from Libya.
President Evariste Ndayishimiye takes the oath of office on June 18, 2020. He took over from the late Pierre Nkurunziza.

How Burundi’s independent press lost its freedom

With the demise of Pierre Nkurunziza, all eyes are on Burundi's new president as he inherits a political framework that has repressed press freedom and silenced independent media voices.

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