‘I am the law’: the self-proclaimed caliph of Islamic State, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, giving a speech in 2014.
EPA/Islamic State video handout
The IS ‘caliphate’ centred on Mosul, had its own justice system served, efficiently, by its own police force.
Map of the Sykes–Picot Agreement showing Eastern Turkey in Asia, Syria and Western Persia, and areas of control and influence agreed between the British and the French in May 1916.
Royal Geographical Society via Wikimedia Commons
The leaders of Islamic State do not see their caliphate as an exercise in theocracy for its own sake, but as an attempt at post-colonial emancipation.
Iraqi forces have retaken Tikrit but now face a united enemy.
After the death of Osama Bin Laden in May 2011, the global jihadist movement seemed to have become fragmented and considerably weakened. This happened for various reasons. First, the coincidence of the…