A ‘freedom convoy’ protester yells at police officers as they cleared the Ambassador Bridge in Windsor, Ont.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nathan Denette
A perception that the benefits and status people believe themselves entitled to have been wrongfully taken away by unforeseen forces motivates ‘freedom convoy’ protesters.
Counter-protestors gather in support of vaccines and mandates to oppose the anti-vaccination protests that have grown into a broader anti-government movement tin Ottawa.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Patrick Doyle
To turn back the tides of radicalization and hate, Canada needs investments in our democratic culture, improvements in policing and support for grassroots efforts.
A sign reads ‘Assassin Trudeau’ but the letters S in assassin are replaced with SS, abbreviation of Schutzstaffel, the black-uniformed self-described “political soldiers” of the Nazi Party.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang
At a time when the nation should be fighting against structural violence, resources and attention are being given to a cause that doesn’t deserve it.
Around the world, from Italy to Québec, authorities are using everything from mandates to incentives to try to get people vaccinated. Here’s why mandates aren’t always effective, are difficult to enforce and often lead to protests like the one seen here in Rome.
(AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)
Having exhausted policy tools to convince vaccination holdouts to change their minds, it seems little can be gained from additional vaccine mandates than further weakening social cohesion.
Much of the imagery and language of the marches has been transported directly from far-right groups in the US – and it is posing a serious threat to Australian democracy.
People’s Party of Canada Leader Maxime Bernier speaks from a podium to supporters during the PPC headquarters election night event in Saskatoon, Sask., in September 2021.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Liam Richards
Voters concerned about the push to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and what they perceived as a loss of freedom were much more likely to vote PPC than voters concerned about anything else.
The anti-vax movement is no longer fuelled purely by fears about vaccines and harmful side-effects – there are other forces at play.
Far right nationalists, anti-vaxxers, libertarians and conspiracy theorists have come together over COVID, and capitalised on the anger and uncertainty simmering in some sections of the community.
A woman holds a rosary and a picture of the Virgin Mary during a 2019 hearing in Albany, N.Y., challenging the constitutionality of the state’s repeal of the religious exemption to vaccination.
AP Photo/Hans Pennink
Plenty of groups are offering religious exemptions to COVID-19 vaccine mandates, but their legal basis isn’t as rock-solid as that might suggest.
By 1980, all U.S. states required immunization for school attendance. Ontario followed suit in 1982.
(AP Photo/Leo Correa)
The effects of Ontario’s compulsory school immunization show there are advantages and disadvantages of requiring vaccination.
People receive a dose of the COVID-19 vaccine at a mass vaccination clinic at Scotiabank Arena in Toronto in June 2021.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Cole Burston
Vaccine hesitancy is declining in Canada but hasn’t disappeared. New research shows many of those initially less hesitant have since been convinced. With continued efforts, others can still be reached.