In the 1950s, the African yam was exploited by drugs firm Boots to produce cortisone. But South Africans fought back against the plundering of a plant that they used for traditional healing.
Legislation as well as academic research governance bodies have failed to safeguard the rights of participants from Africa in genomics research.
Researchers say that without first cutting down on the country's notorious red tape, Indonesia's newly signed science law will discourage international collaboration.
In the last two decades, neglect of traditional medicine has been replaced by renewed focus and a raft of policies and new laws.
Traditional knowledge that drives indigenous communities’ innovation in agriculture, medicine and conservation is not protected by existing international law.
How scientists and corporations are plundering the developing world for new substances.
A company plans to flood the market with synthetic rhinoceros horn in an effort to slow poaching but these types of commercially driven conservation efforts are fraught with problems.