After the most recent elections, Catalonia's secessionist coalition is free to form a government. But their president is still exiled in Belgium.
After declaring independence, regional leaders stand accused of rebellion, sedition and embezzlement. But what does that mean?
An ousted leader, a divided electorate and the risk of further violence pile on the tension ahead of the December vote.
Catalonia's pro-independence parties now have the chance to assemble a parliamentary majority, but they'll have to overcome their own differences first.