Pope Urban II giving marching orders ahead of the First Crusade.
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From the crusades of the medieval period to racial violence today, mankind has sought ways to 'sanctify' harmful actions, explains a scholar of religion.
The first Muslim prayers were held on Friday inside the Hagia Sophia in 86 years.
AP Photo/Yasin Akgul
The first Muslim prayer in 86 years was held on July 24 inside Hagia Sophia, recently reconverted to a mosque. For over a millennium, this grand monument has wielded enormous power.
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Founded on Christmas Day 1119 and disbanded in 1307, this religious order has been misunderstood ever since.
In Catholic understanding, Jesus gave his disciples the power to forgive sins.
Following the sexual abuse scandals, there is a push to force the Catholic Church to compromise the confidentiality of the confessional. A Catholic scholar explains why confession is so important.
A procession of Christian girls, venerating the Cross, in the village of Qanat Bekish, Lebanon.
AP Photo/Hussein Malla
Sept. 14 is the the Feast of the Holy Cross celebrated by many Catholics and some Christians. A scholar revisits the history of the cross, how it became a symbol of divine love, but also of violence.
Achilles mourning the death of his nephew Patroclus.
George Dawe (1803)
PTSD is a relatively modern term, but the symptoms are as old as civilisation itself.
Twentieth-century depiction of a victorious Saladin with Guy de Lusignan after battle of Hattin in 1187.
Said Tahsine (1904-1985 Syria) -
The Crusades have been stereotyped, creating a narrative that supports both Islamophobia and anti-immigrant sentiments in the West, as well as "Westophobia" and paranoia in the Muslim world.
What does it mean for a pope to apologize?
AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)
Popes are not infallible, yet apologies are rare.
Thanks to the way they are portrayed in films and books, the Knights Templar have become identified with narrow-minded nationalism. This is unjust and inaccurate.
Stained glass window in Brussels cathedral depicting First Crusade commander Godfrey of Bouillon.
Forget the idea that it was round one in the battle between Christianity and Islam.
A case study from the height of the Crusades in the 12th and 13th centuries illustrates that even the most brutal leaders can choose to compromise for stability.
There is an era that lends itself rather closer than the tired Nazi comparisons of Donald Trump. And it may have a far more useful message for us today.
A mosaic of King Roger II: we should celebrate his 12th-century example of inter-cultural collaboration.
Matthias Süßen/Wikimedia commons
A new production of the opera King Roger will open this week. At a time when Europe was charged with fear of the 'Muslim threat', this 12th century king collaborated with an Islamic scholar on an extraordinary project.
In seeking to understand the roots of Islamic State, we’ve tried to spread the net wide, but make no claim to being comprehensive or having the final word.
Reuters/Stringer; David Wise/Flickr; Reuters/Stringer; EPA/Sanjeev Gupta; Reuters/Fadi Al-Assaad; Royal Geographical Society/Wikimedia Commons; Reuters/Stringer; AAP/Asmaa Abdelatif; Reuters/Stringer
Our series on understanding Islamic State attempts to catalogue many of the forces and events that can arguably have played a part in creating the conditions necessary for these jihadists to emerge.
The Crusades evoke a romantic image of medieval knights, chivalry, romance and religious high-mindedness.
Representing even the Crusades as wars between Christians and Muslims is a gross oversimplification and a misreading of history.
A member loyal to Islamic State waves the group’s flag in Raqqa, Syria.
In seeking to link IS to earlier Islamic movements, Western commentators have associated the jihadist group with the medieval Ismailis, made famous in Europe by returning Crusaders as the Assassins.
Islamic State fighters on a tank take part in a military parade along the streets of northern Raqqa province.
Despite what we're told, religion isn't inherently peaceful. People kill in the name of their religion, just as they love in its name.