You can only properly translate French scatological swear words if you consider who is using them. In this case, the most powerful person in France.
Increasing numbers of European journalists are being attacks as they try and report on stories, some ending up in hospital.
Despite a ‘major breach of trust,’ the recent spat between France and the US corresponds to a long cycle of conflict and rapprochement between the two countries.
Recent polemical debates over French rappers Youssoupha and Médine show that rap is still not accepted by the political mainstream.
The Portuguese colonisers were not the only ones who could use radio for control. A new book tells how popular radio broadcasts from Angola’s liberation fighters were used as weapons in the struggle.