Understanding what drives conflict, and tension, is the starting point for developing paths to peace.
At the centre of the persisting violence in the north-central region of Nigeria is bad governance.
Clashes between farmers and herders in Nigeria have been bloody and protracted, with one side portrayed as victims. But as this study shows, both sides are victims.
Attacks by Fulani herdsmen on communities in West Africa are increasing in number and in sophistication. Regional and national authorities must respond promptly to arrest the threat.