Adolf Hitler (second from the right in front) is shown in this 1939 file photo along with German and Italian army chiefs after having signed the German-Italian military pact in Germany.
A scholar's efforts to learn how textbooks in New Jersey were portraying the Holocaust leads her to testify against a history teacher who taught his students to question if the Holocaust took place.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, right, and former Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman.
AP Photo/Bernat Armangue, File
Young Haredim men, who are strictly observant Jews, have long been exempted from Israel's compulsory military service. A disagreement over stopped Netanyahu from forming a government.
Jewish visitors light candles at the ancient Ghriba synagogue in May 2019.
The annual Jewish pilgrimage of the Ghriba to the island of Djerba used to attract tens of thousands of people. After numbers dwindled in recent years, the 2019 event saw a big increase in visitors.
People hold up signs as they march during a demonstration in Montreal, April 7, 2019, in opposition to the Quebec government’s newly tabled Bill 21.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Graham Hughes
The proposed secular law (Bill 21) in the province of Québec appears to be directed primarily against Montreal and Québec City, and reflects a fear of strangers in Québec’s more homogeneous regions.
Chen Yabian, 74, of Hainan Province, southern China, testifies during the International Symposium on Chinese ‘Comfort Women’ in 2000 in Shanghai that she was 14 when Japanese Imperial Army soldiers forced her to work as a sex slave during the war.
US agreements with Germany, France, Switzerland and Austria provide reparations to WWII victims. But an international law scholar writes that the US has failed to address war crimes in Asia.
A Good Friday procession in Riverdale, Maryland.
AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana
On Good Friday, Christians give thanks for their salvation, which they believe was made possible by the suffering of Jesus. But for Jews, it was common in the Middle Ages to be attacked with stones.
Pope Pius XII.
The Vatican will open its archives on Pope Pius XII next year. An expert explains the papacy of Pope Pius XII and the fear of communism confronting much of the Western world at the time.
A still from Mel Gibson’s Passion of the Christ.
Courtesy 20th Century Fox.
When it was released 15 years ago, Mel Gibson's 'Passion of the Christ,' was a box-office success. The theme of Jesus has been a successful one that many filmmakers around the globe have cashed in on.
A student speaks with Holocaust survivor William Morgan using an interactive virtual conversation exhibit at the the Holocaust Museum Houston in January 2019.
David J. Phillip/AP
In anticipation of International Holocaust Remembrance Day, a scholar explains how digital technologies can help close knowledge gaps about the catastrophe that claimed the lives of 6 million Jews.
The auditorium at University of Göttingen today.
Anti-Semitism brought down one of the world's greatest centers for mathematical research.
Supporters of Shiite Houthi rebels attend a rally in Sanaa, Yemen, in 2017.
AP Photo/Hani Mohammed, File
The Houthis belong to the Shiite branch of Islam. The Houthi insurgency began in the early 1990s, spurred in part by growing influence of different Sunni branches of Islam.
Hanukkah demands fewer religious rituals than most other Jewish observances.
Golden Pixels LLC
Despite the primacy of Christmas in American culture, the visibility of Hanukkah in pop culture reminds Jews that they have their own holiday in which they can take pride.
In the United States, Hanukkah has gained much significance.
Tercer Ojo Photography/Shutterstock.com
Hanukkah is ranked one of Judaism's minor festivals, but its popularity in the US has a lot to do with America's Jews trying to fight assimilation into a culture that welcomed them.
A memorial outside Pittsburgh’s Tree of Life Synagogue on Oct. 29, 2018, erected after a gunman killed 11 worshippers at the temple.
AP/Gene J. Puskar)
American anti-Semitism took an organized form in the 20th century. The German American Bund and the Silver Legion developed a unique culture of hatred for Jews that persists today in alt-right groups.
For decades, native-born American Jews changed their names to improve their job prospects.
The demographics of name change petitioners today – and the reasons that they give – tell a complicated story of race, class and culture.
A conservator works with a portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls containing Psalm 145 at The Franklin Institute, in Philadelphia.
AP Photo/Matt Rourke
Five of the Dead Sea Scrolls at the Museum of Bible were found to be forged. The scrolls are considered priceless. Here's why.
People place flowers at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh.
AP Photo/Matt Rourke
After the killing of 11 people at a synagogue in Pittsburgh, a scholar explains why this hate crime reminds her of the political climate between the two world wars in the US.
The horrific incarceration of European Jews during WWII should never be forgotten, particularly when we need to solve contemporary genocide and forced migration issues.
6 million Jews were killed in the Holocaust. What happened then, and how we can keep to the promise – “never again”?
DNA evidence tracks the ancient history of the Jewish people.
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The 20th-century philosopher Hannah Arendt wrote how refugees, in the absence of legal rights, were forced to live in a state of 'absolute lawlessness.' Her words matter today.