The legitimacy of SWAPO, the former liberation movement that has governed since 1990, has been eroded amid growing corruption and a deepening economic crisis.
The year ahead promises to be a very difficult but also a very decisive year for South Africa. Is President Ramaphosa equal to the challenge?
How South African manages the fallout from its likely downgrade by Moody's in November will determine whether the country will be forced to turn to the IMF for a bailout.
Cyril Ramaphosa seems to be on the way to uniting a fractious ANC. But he's got a rough road to travel before he can claim any victories.
The promise of Easter, which Christians around the world celebrate, can be likened to the new struggle in South Africa for a new leadership and government that cares about the people.
The militant talk and antics by the ANC's ex-soldiers may seem like theatrics, but they are a chilling reminder of how Zimbabwe used armed militia to crash opponents and democracy.
The ratings agency downgrade decision is not a surprise. It's a wake up call. South Africa has its work cut out.
The focus will now be on how the social democratic and left-leaning members of South Africa's cabinet -- the "constitutionalists" -- will respond to the reshuffle.
The effects of a sovereign credit rating downgrade would be painful for all South Africans.
Credit ratings have an impact on government, as well as ordinary people. This article was first published last year as South Africa faced a possible downgrade.
South Africa has made some progress in fixing problems identified by ratings agencies. But there are a number of outstanding issues that might mean the country is given 'junk' status.
South Africa has narrowly escaped a downgrade of the rating of its sovereign bonds, but government has its work cut out as it seeks to restore investor confidence and lift economic growth.
South Africa's finance minister means well, especially in his bid to cut public sector expenditure. But his success requires strong leadership and strategic alignment across the entire public sector.