The International court did not allow Dominic Ongwen’s background to colour the legal determination of his criminal liability.
Former fighters described Ongwen as a model fighter and an effective commander – but testimony in his trial detailed the former child soldier’s alleged personal role in the rape of underage women.
Sex and gender-based offences have become an increasing focus of war crimes trials at the International Criminal Court.
Their mothers were forcibly married or raped during Uganda’s vicious civil war. Now these children are ‘non people’.
African leaders who have sought ICC involvement have all seen the court as being beneficial to the survival of their governments.
Natural resources are an important factor in explaining why some rebel groups forcibly recruit children into their ranks.
Post conflict recovery is largely driven by the assumption that as soon as conflict ends, normality returns.