Notionally, Labor will need a 0.6% swing to win the next election. But the details make it much more complicated - and difficult.
Election data suggests the Coalition's victory wasn't so surprising after all – long-term trends pointed toward a Labor loss, given the various factors in play in this election.
Especially in Queensland, right-wing populist parties like One Nation and United Australia Party had a significant impact on how seats played out, and especially taking votes from Labor.
Voter dissatisfaction with the major parties means minor party preferences are likely to play a critical role in many seats, making the election outcome hard to predict.
It's been 27 years since our last recession. Conditions are ripe for a populist revolt when the next one arrives.
Ahead of Saturday's crucial byelections, senior Labor Party figures have described a vote for Pauline Hanson's One Nation party as a vote for the Coalition. What do the records show?
Clive Palmer believes he can recapture the magic that saw him elected to Parliament in 2013, but what his new party – and others on the right – need is more discipline.
Any voters so angry about the more conventional parties that they are tempted to look Palmer's way again might like to consider the shenanigans on Monday.
The recent elections in Tasmania, South Australia and the byelection in Batman have left an impression that the advance of the minor parties has stalled. This is not necessarily the case.
The minor party vote in Australia is historically high and growing, as trust in the bigger parties slides away.
The 'yes' vote disproves that the rise of the minor party vote is the result of a cultural backlash from people who reject the progressive agenda, including the expansion of rights for minorities.
The new Senate is representative of the wide range of views in Australia – and far more so than the House of Representatives.
Watch Anne Tiernan and Duncan McDonnell discuss the popularity of minor parties and independents in this election – including what the Nick Xenophon Team learnt from the Palmer United Party.
Liberal Democrat senator David Leyonhjelm says the government has been appallingly bad at negotiating with the crossbench.
What are the government's proposed changes to the way the Senate is elected? And how will they affect us as voters?
Those who do understand the Senate voting system have the potential to wield some influence both in its conduct and in debates about how it might be reformed.
The UK is poised for another minority government, this time possibly with a hung parliament. Australia's long experience of such arrangements offers lessons in how to manage minority government.
This week the "mother of parliaments" faces a general election in the UK. The 'first past the post' electoral system means we can't predict the result with certainty, nor expect it to match the vote.
With just a day of campaigning left in the New South Wales election, the result is already clear. Mike Baird's government will be re-elected – but the battle for 21 upper house seats will be crucial.
Instead of treating crossbenchers in parliament as a source of chaos and an aberration, we should recognise that they play a crucial role in shaping legislation as the constitution provides.