Unfairness alone is upsetting enough to drive people to punish lucky recipients of unfair outcomes.
United Airlines faced a public relations nightmare when they dragged a man off a flight in 2017 – until the blame shifted back to the victim.
When outrage is misplaced or excessive, it can have negative consequences for a healthy public discourse.
A lot of moral outrage has been expressed lately – over Trump's travel ban and other issues. The expression of such outrage is more than a response to perceived injustice.
Does including torture or other human rights violations in video games trivialize the actions? Or might it force us to think more critically about them?
It helps society function when people punish selfish acts, even at a personal cost. A new theory suggests third-party punishment also confers some benefits on the punisher.