Strange frond-like sea creatures are among the planet's earliest animals, but new research dates them and the entire animal kingdom to much earlier than first thought.
Neanderthals, rather than modern humans, created the world's oldest cave paintings.
Deep inside Monte Kronio, hot, humid and sulfurous caves held an ancient secret.
Giuseppe Savino, La Venta Esplorazioni Geografiche
Growing grapes and making wine come with a lot of implications about a culture's capabilities. Apparently, Sicily of 6,000 years ago was more sophisticated than archaeologists had given it credit for.
Is the observation that the standard of living stagnated until 1820 reliable?
Despite the technological advances that humanity has known for millennia, the standard of living did not begin to rise until around 1800.
Bed bugs make us shudder and cringe. So arm yourself with the courage to learn about the biology and successes of Cimex lectularius -- as well as the ways to get rid of it.
BBC/Dom Walter, Tailsmith productions
A consultant on Chris Packham's latest dinosaur show about Tyrannosaurus Rex explains how they kept it entertaining but accurate.
How the fossilised creature may have looked in its heyday.
As a new David Attenborough documentary examines a remarkable fossil, a leading expert gives his verdict.
Contemporary sculpture – but why bother?
Look back into prehistory and it's all about trusting strangers.
When new discoveries are jealously guarded under lock and key, science suffers.
A century-old case of scientific fraud illustrates how hard it is to untangle the truth when access to new discoveries is limited.
© Pitt Rivers Museum (Accession Number 2012.79.21)
Stonehenge has a traffic problem. But building a £1.4 billion tunnel is not the answer.
A 3D model of the long-lost Scalopocynodon gracilis skull.
Evolutionary Studies Unit, Wits University
An old technique to explore the inside of fossils unfortunately ended up destroying some unique specimens. New technology has been used to reconstruct one such fossil.
A sonar image of the ‘Nessie’ found 180 metres deep in Loch Ness.
The hunt for 'Nessie' has been going on for decades but there's a good reason why nothing has been found.
This 119 million year old fish,
Rhacolepis, is the first fossil to show a 3D preserved heart which gives us a rare window into the early evolution of one of our body’s most important organs.
Dr John Maisey, American Museum of Natural History in New York
For centuries, the fossil remains of back-boned animals were studied primarily from their hardened bones. Now palaeontologists can study the softer side of these ancient creatures.
Yuttasak Jannarong / shutterstock
Archaeological remains, traditional tribes and conflict among chimpanzees can tell us much about the history of human warfare.
Diprotodon, the largest ever marsupial, probably died out at human hands.
Peter Murray (courtesy of Chris Johnson)
What killed off Australia's giant wombats and other megafauna? New dating once again points the finger at human hunters, rather than abrupt changes to the climate.
Piecing together how Stonehenge came to be reveals similarities and differences with other monuments of the time.
Examining a model of the ancient fish
Mandageria fairfaxi, the new fossil emblem for NSW are (l-r) NSW MP Anthony Roberts, director and CEO of the Australian Museum Kim McKay, NSW MPs Andrew Gee and Troy Grant, and Dr Ian Percival from the Geological Survey of NSW.
Every state and territory in Australia should have one: a fossil emblem. Not only can they be good for tourism but they can also help teach people about the ancient history of the regions.
Phytosaur: still got it.
Some 220m years ago, the Triassic Period marked the beginning of the age of dinosaurs. But by the time the earliest dinosaurs were just starting to appear in the fossil record, it was distant relatives…
The fish-eating dinosaur discovered in Victoria is a member of Spinosauridae, a group of fish-eating theropod dinosaurs found in Asia and Europe.
Paleontologists think it had the snout of a crocodile, the claws of a bear and a taste for seafood. But what’s most interesting about the discovery of Australia’s first fish-eating dinosaur is its similarities…
Were cave women more likely to leave home than men?
Flickr, Klearchos Kapoutsis
Primitive women were more likely than their male counterparts to pack up and leave the cave, eventually partnering with men…