Ancient military innovations – like the bit and bridle that enabled mounted horseback riding – changed the course of history.
Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin/British Museum via WikimediaCommons
Did ancient technological advancements drive social innovation, or vice versa? Studying cause and effect in the ancient world may seem like a fool’s errand, but researchers built a database to do just that.
Ranger David Wongway on Angas Downs, Northern Territory.
The characterisation of Aboriginal worlds at 1788 is the central debate between Bruce Pascoe’s Dark Emu and Peter Sutton and Kerryn Walshe’s Farmers or Hunter-gatherers.
A group of drummers playing traditional Yoruba drums.
Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP via Getty Images
By providing insights from different disciplines, a new book uncovers new themes in the history of Yoruba people of West Africa
A wider understanding of cultural values will be crucial to the successful implementation of contact-tracing technology across the world.
Despite claims to the contrary, the real thing cannot be replicated.
Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/DigitalVision via Getty Images
Around the globe, 823,000 child deaths could be prevented annually with appropriate breastfeeding. Formula makers continue to defy a 40-year-old international code on marketing their product.
Endurance is a surprisingly progressive way of creating a better future.
The ruins of the Temple of Victory in Himera, which was constructed to commemorate the first battle in 480 B.C.
Are the descriptions of war passed down by ancient historians accurate? A site in Sicily provided a rare chance to fact-check stories told about two battles from more than 2,400 years ago.
Today the shoreline of Lake Malawi is open, not forested the way it was before ancient humans started modifying the landscape.
Combining evidence from archaeology, geochronology and paleoenvironmental science, researchers identified how ancient humans by Lake Malawi were the first to substantially modify their environment.
Prehistoric hand paintings at the Cave of Hands in Argentina, thought to be over 10,000 years old.
It's possible that low oxygen levels in caves produced hallucinations – but that doesn't explain the majority of prehistoric art.
Museums across the U.S., including at Harvard University, collected human remains, which were often displayed to the public.
Smith Collection/Gado/Archive Photos via Getty Images
Proposed legislation would identify and protect African American cemeteries. But it wouldn’t cover the remains of thousands of Black people in museum collections.
New evidence suggests that contrary to long-held beliefs, women were also big-game hunters.
Anthropologists believed that before the implementation of agriculture, men hunted and women gathered, but new evidence suggests that this might not have been the case.
Medical volunteers have been a common sight in African countries like Zambia since the colonial era.
Engraving from The Illustrated London News, volume 96, No 2654, March 1, 1890/Getty Images
These medical volunteers have been closely associated with several kinds of non-human actors, whose behaviour is worth examining in more detail.
Fans of less successful clubs form more of a bond with each other.
Some fans even said they would be willing to make the ultimate sacrifice, giving their own lives to save other supporters of their team.
Charles R Knight/Wikimedia
Did Neanderthal military superiority delay our migration out of Africa?
Cahokia’s mound-building culture flourished a millennium ago near modern-day St. Louis.
JByard/iStock via Getty Images Plus
Five centuries before Columbus arrived, migrants were spreading across North America, carrying their culture with them and mixing with those they encountered in new places.
Tsimane children look out over the Maniqui River, in the Bolivian Amazon.
‘Normal’ body temperature has declined in urban, industrialized settings like the US and UK. Anthropologists find the trend extends to Indigenous people in the Bolivian Amazon – but why?
Drilling 139 meters down to volcanic rock provided scientists with a million-year environmental record.
Human Origins Program, Smithsonian
A new environmental record for a prehistoric site in Kenya helped researchers figure out how external conditions influenced which of our ancient ancestors lived there, with what way of life.
Artefacts suggest a ‘great leap’, a recent evolution of modern intelligence. Fossils and DNA argue that’s an illusion.
Intentionally mutilated head of Egyptian Pharaoh Hatshepsut.
As US protesters deface monuments of once revered leaders, they are drawing from an ancient tradition used by both marginalized people and those in power.
Who gets a seat at the table?
H. Armstrong Roberts/ClassicStock via Getty Images
Recognizing the influence of evolution on behavior and gender norms suggests ways to reduce gender inequality in leadership in the real world.