In countries like Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Bahrain, it's now official policy that women should go to college and work outside the home. But cultural pressure to marry and have kids remains strong.
To ensure its energy security and influence in the Gulf region, the United Kingdom will likely deepen its relations with GCC nations in a post-Brexit world.
From mass climate change movements to cultural genocide of Uighurs in China, here are some of the headline human rights moments that captured Australia’s attention.
US dominance over the international oil system has influenced the relationship between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
The Saudi government's oil firm is set to become the world's biggest public company, but investors are already betting against its long-term prospects.
Crony capitalism became firmly embedded under Ben Ali, benefiting his family and close friends.
Energy-wise, the fallout from the attack on Saudi oil facilities has so far been very muted. The surge in oil production in the US over the past decade helps explain why.
Houthi rebels have claimed responsibility for strikes on key Saudi oil facilities. How they've grown their military strength.
Iran's goal is to sow discord and inflict pain on energy markets, while avoiding crossing a threshold that prompts retaliation from the US. This is a fine line to walk at the best of times.
Iran is being accused of 'hostage diplomacy' by resorting to incarcerating foreign nationals at a time when sanctions are crippling its economy.
Saudi Arabia and Israeli in balancing act after strikes on Iran-backed militias.
With the opening of a synagogue in Dubai and warmer relations between Saudi Arabia and Israel, some Arab states suddenly appear to be more open to friendship with Israel and Jews. Why?
Despite the calls for a boycott, millions of Muslims will make the pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the five pillars of Islamic practice.
Saudi women may now travel without a man's permission, easing one of the most repressive aspects of the country's 'guardianship' system. Women in Saudi Arabia gained the right to drive last year.
Millions of Muslims will convene in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on Aug. 9. The annual five-day pilgrimage, known as the hajj, is required of all Muslims who can physically and financially make the journey.
How Syria's tribes are being used by those both for and against the regime of Bashar al-Assad.
Despite the UK's close relationship with Saudi Arabia, the British public think much the same about its global influence as they do about Russia and Iran – and it isn't good.
Why is Canada's labour movement so quiet on the Saudi arms deal? It should be a voice for peace and human rights and demand that the Canadian government immediately cancel the deal.
The UK Court of Appeal ruled that the British government did not properly assess whether Saudi Arabia had violated international law. What this means for the arms trade.
Tensions are rising after two oil tankers were attacked in the Middle East. But what can ships do to protect themselves in risky waters?