Swapo remains the dominant party by far in Namibia. But it seems increasingly unable to live up to its promises.
The referendum is part of an ongoing reconciliation process following violent protests by indigenous Kanak residents in the 1980s.
Thirty years after deadly protests erupted in Australia's close neighbour, New Caledonians head to the polls again to vote on whether to remain a part of France.
A raised fist carving on a highway at Touho, Grand Terre. Kanaks, New Caledonia’s Indigenous people, have struggled for independence for over 150 years.
Indigenous New Caledonians, who will vote in an independence referendum next week, have been struggling since French colonisation in 1853. Through songs, they have chronicled past traumas and resistance heroes.
It has been a turbulent week for the ABC, with questions still to be answered, particularly by the board.
After a dramatic week at the ABC that sees them without a permanent managing director nor a chair, there remain serious questions about government interference and the broadcaster's independence.
A change in the ownership of the South African Reserve Bank from private shareholders to government shouldn't impact the constitutional mandate of the central bank in any way.
Beverly Yuen Thompson/Flickr
Winning an independence referendum is the simple bit – It's no easy trick to assert yourself on the world stage.
A young girl wearing the Spanish flag (right) walks with another young girl wearing an ‘estelada,’ or independence flag.
AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti
An expert explains why the EU is ill-equipped to handle a problem like Catalonia.
Catalans protest the Spanish government crackdown after voting for independence.
Despite the passionate for which they are usually fought, independence movements are rarely successful and their outcomes less than hoped for.
India’s tricolour (which actually has four colours) hides a complex subaltern history that originates with Mahatma Gandhi.
As India celebrates its independence, the flag is on full display, but few people know about the complex origins of this ubiquitous national symbol.
Funeral of Namibian liberation struggle hero Herman Andimba Toivo Ya Toivo at Heroes’ Acre in Windhoek.
Namibian hero and former Robben Island prisoner Toivo ya Toivo was part of a generation who contributed to the struggles against apartheid and colonialism in the region.
Authenticité survives in the present generation of Congolese musicians like Fally Ipupa (with the red vest).
For many of contemporary Congolese musicians the idea of authenticité was seen as a positive one at a certain level, even though Mobutu abused Congo culture to build his own personality cult.
The prevailing mandate of the South African Reserve Bank is informed by sound economics and the need to protect the institution from the whims of politicians.
Kenyans celebrate to mark Madaraka Day.
Since Kenya gained independence from the British, the country has marked two independence days every year. But is the 'self-rule' Madaraka Day celebration necessary?
Sturgeon addressing conference.
The independence bill is a short-term win but no game-changer.
City Hall: London’s new Westminster?
It's critical to protect London's European connections from Brexit's isolationism - could independence be the way forward?
Crowds cheer as Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe arrives to address the country’s Independence Day celebrations in Harare.
Namibia's new elite has used "affirmative action" for self-enrichment, while the majority of the population remains excluded from its the wealth. Meanwhile, Zimbabwe's socio-economic woes continue.
Tanzania’s President John Pombe Magufuli is still experiencing the “election honeymoon” and is highly rated by citizens.
Good governance and accountability are high on the agenda of Tanzanian President John Pombe Magufuli.
A sculpture of Ghana’s founding father in the Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park in Accra, Ghana.
Ghana has often been depicted as one of modern Africa's success stories. But how different is contemporary Ghana to the vision its founding father Kwame Nkrumah had?
Edinburgh remains in play.
Twelve months on from the vote on Scottish independence, there are no signs of constitutional healing - nor elsewhere in the UK.
Algerian actors reenact the Algerian war against France during the 2012 celebration of the 50th anniversary of the country’s independence.
Franz Fanon's writings were forged in the crucible of the Algerian liberation war which inspired struggles against racism and colonialism around the world. Half a century on, he continues to inspire.