We know from research children benefit from two years of preschool, rather than one. Universal access to preschool would also return benefits to the economy, and help parents with childcare costs.
Early STEM skills are as important as early literacy skills. Parents can help their preschoolers develop STEM skills by working these simple techniques into everyday activities.
Research shows play-based learning programs enhance children's learning outcomes and teaches them skills relevant to the 21st century, such as problem-solving and creativity.
Despite good progress in recent years, there is still more to do, including improving access to early childhood education for three-year-olds.
Many middle-class parents buy classical CDs because it is supposed to make their kids clever. But a jazz-loving academic has started using her favourite genre in early childhood learning.
Patterns are simple sequences that repeat over and over again in a certain order. Supporting children's ability to recognize patterns can improve mathematical skills.