Social media is becoming a formal political platform in Uganda.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni's grip on power remains strong but pockets of dissent are emerging from digital platforms.
A protester in Nairobi, Kenya, displays a poster calling for Bobi Wine’s release.
Bobi Wine entered the political arena with a relatively consistent background of politically critical music.
The appointment of South Africa’s national prosecutions head Shaun Abrahams has been declared invalid.
South Africa's Constitutional Court judgment shows concern that the independence of the country's prosecuting authority has been compromised.
A Togolese opposition supporter during protests over alleged electoral fraud in 2005.
Togo illustrates the difficulty of moving away from personalised politics.
President Kabila’s time in government has shown an inability to bring together the various ethnic groups.
African leaders need to acknowledge the gravity of the Congo crisis and apply pressure on Kabila.
Members of Nigeria’s All Progressives Congress party protest the 2015 elections. More trouble is likely ahead of the 2019 elections.
Nigeria is far from ready to hold a credible ballot in 2019.
Policemen posted to prevent a campaign rally in Zanzibar in 2005.
In Tanzania today, political space has shrunk to the point where protests are suppressed before they emerge
Devolving power and resources from the centre to the counties was a key pillar of Kenya’s 2010 referendum vote.
In many counties, there are new health centres, roads and street lights that wouldn't be there without devolution.
Supporters celebrate Julius Maada Bio’s victory in Sierra Leone’s presidential run-off.
It's the fourth time a peaceful democratic election has taken place in Sierra Leone. But these are not the stories we hear.
African countries holding elections increases the quality of civil liberties.
The process of institutionalisation may be patchy and uneven. But one thing is clear: Africa is not without functioning institutions.
Julius Nyerere (second right), his successor Ali Hassan Mwinyi (right) and Mwinyi’s successor Benjamin Mkapa (left) host South Africa’s Walter Sisulu in January 1990.
A balance sheet of positives and negatives for Tanzania's president Magufuli is perhaps the most striking similarity with the legacy of Nyerere as the country marks another independence anniversary.
Kenyan opposition supporter is confronted by policy during clashes in Nairobi.
Elections, even free and competitive ones, don't always mean that a country is more democratic. Instead of weakening the elite’s grip on power, elections might actually make them stronger.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during a presidential campaign rally in the capital Kampala in 2016.
As a young radical in the 1980s, Museveni publicly scorned African rulers who clung to power. Now, after 30 years in office, he is clearly clinging pretty hard himself.
An elderly woman displays her inked finger after casting her vote during the 2016 presidential elections in Uganda.
The outcome of the race between increasingly artful electoral manipulation and limitless possible manifestations of democratic expression is never entirely certain.
Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga announced his exit from the re-run of the presidential election scheduled for October 26.
Kenya’s upcoming poll will continue despite opposition leader Raila Odinga's decision to exit lawful processes prematurely. This will mean Kenyatta will likely win his second term in a row.
Supporters of Joao Lourenco and the ruling MPLA during an election campaign rally in Luanda.
EPA/Manuel de Almeida
Angola's recent election results showed the ruling MPLA losing support across the country. If opposition claims are to be taken seriously, the losses could be more severe than they appear.
A woman leaves a polling station after casting her vote during the 2013 Kenyan elections.
Kenya's progressive 2010 Constitution brought improved women's representation in Parliament and public life. But historical prejudices remain, always more intensely apparent during elections.