Eoanthropus dawsoni, or the Piltdown Man, never really existed.
One of paleontology's most notorious hoaxes has long been blamed on a serial forger named Charles Dawson. But might a Jesuit priest have been in on a joke that went wrong ?
A 3D model of the long-lost Scalopocynodon gracilis skull.
Evolutionary Studies Unit, Wits University
An old technique to explore the inside of fossils unfortunately ended up destroying some unique specimens. New technology has been used to reconstruct one such fossil.
The first flower grown on the International Space Station.
Have some much needed non-Brexit news.
Royal Saskatchewan Museum/RC McKellar
For the first time, feathers, bone and skin of the earliest birds have been found, trapped in amber.
The 37,000 year old Deep Skull from Niah Cave in Borneo is the oldest modern human skeleton found in island Southeast Asia.
Another look at a skull unearthed in Malaysian Borneo 60 years ago can shed light on the mystery of how early humans moved throughout Southeast Asia thousands of years ago.
An anaconda peers above and below the water. Did snakes evolve on land or underwater?
Michael Lee (Flinders University & South Australian Museum)
One of the enduring controversies in evolution is why snakes evolved their long, limbless bodies. A new study suggests snakes may have lost their legs at sea, before crawling ashore.
New study supports the idea that an asteroid, rather than climate changes, caused the mass extinction that wiped out the dinosaurs.
Fossils discovered in Uzbekistan help tell the story of how T. Rex evolved to become the biggest predator ever to live on land.
The first horned dinosaur from eastern North America during the Cretaceous.
We don't know much about dinosaurs from the east coast of the USA. But the discovery of a new sheep-sized dinosaur helps shed light on their mysterious evolution.
Doyle Trankina and Gerald Grellet-Tinner
Scientists have come up with a way to tell how hot dinosaurs were by studying the remains of their eggs.
Mass extinctions are more complicated than ‘strength in numbers’.
Being big – larger than a dog – increases the risk of being wiped out in a mass extinction.
A prehistoric scene showing ancient penguins, elephant seals and giant marsupials. A rich diversity of both marine and land creatures once lived at Beaumaris, Melbourne, about 7 million years ago.
Peter Trusler, Monash University
Palaeontologists say it's rare to find a rich fossil site in an urban area. That's why they're worried such a site near Melbourne could be threatened by proposed development.
Snake ancestor was crawly as well as creepy.
Dave Martill, University of Portsmouth
A new study of the first ever snake fossil with legs suggests that snakes evolved on land rather than in the ocean, as previously thought.
Artistic reconstruction of two Tiarajudens males during combat in the Permian of southern Brazil.
New evidence shows marked similarities between two fossils – one from Brazil, the other South Africa. This confirms compelling geological findings that continents were once one giant land mass.
Lunchtime at the super-croc enclosure.
Palaeontologists have been lining up to complain about the inaccuracies in the new blockbuster. They need to focus on the positives.
You couldn’t just plop dinosaurs anywhere and expect them to survive.
A "Pleistocene Park" might be a more realistic scenario.
Organic dinosaur remains were thought to be extremely rare – until now.
Prepare to meet thy chainsaw.
Ever wondered what it would like if you carved up the biggest land-based carnivore of all time?
A great white shark captured off the coast of Mexico.
We used to think of sharks as primitive fish because the had cartilage instead of bones. Turns out there was a good reason why and it makes them anything but primitive.
Scientists get their teeth into A. deyiremeda fossils.
Credit: Laura Dempsey
A completely new human ancestor dating back to 3.5– 3.3 million years ago has been discovered.