ART for all?
New guidelines from the World Health Organization mean more people are eligible for antiretrorviral therapy. It's critical to find ways for people to start treatment without multiple clinic visits.
Reuters/ Mike Hutchings
In South Africa, female sex workers go for HIV tests, receive counselling and use condoms – but they don't access antiretroviral treatments. More options are now available that need to be implemented to change this.
There is an urgent need to generate robust evidence that shows how the social determinants of health influence people’s abilities to protect themselves against health risks.
Interacting with communities can provide health planners with critical information that can help them solve health challenges in specific areas.
The call to action to address childhood vulnerability in Africa must go far beyond those children infected and affected by HIV.
The call to action to address childhood vulnerability in Africa must go far beyond the 17.8 million children infected and affected by HIV.
A community health worker walks a couple through an HIV test in Malawi. Mostly men do not access these services.
Baylor College of Medicine Children's Foundation–Malawi / Robbie Flick
In sub-Saharan Africa more women may be infected with HIV than men - but men are more likely to die because of poor testing and treatment regimes.
Treatment has transformed the outlook for people living with HIV from almost certain death to a manageable chronic condition.
Despite the breakthroughs in HIV and AIDS research, without an effective vaccine, the world will not get to zero new infections and deaths.
A man lights candles as part of a World AIDS Day event in Jakarta.
Globally, the health community is moving to a point where there could be zero new HIV infections or deaths. But it has been a long road.
Anglo American’s plans to reduce its operations will have an impact on the provision of health services to miners.
The closure of several mines in South Africa and production cuts could have a detrimental impact on the health of miners who rely on in-house HIV and TB treatment programmes.
Advances in HIV treatment have turned it into a chronic, but manageable, illness. In this photo: Artist Damien Hirst’s ‘Where there’s a will there’s a way,’ which shows antiretroviral drugs in a medicine cabinet, is seen as it is displayed at a gallery in New York, February 4 2008.
Thanks to treatment advances, people with HIV can and do live long and full lives. And that has led to a challenge that doctors and patients may not have imagined 35 years ago: the aging HIV patient.
All people have duties to their sexual partners regardless of their HIV status.
Just how much disclosure is it reasonable to expect from a sex partner, particularly if that relationship isn't a serious and committed one?
The reservoirs of dormant HIV have been the main barrier to a cure.
Researchers have found a promising way of kicking the AIDS virus out of its hiding place in infected cells, potentially removing the main obstacle to curing HIV.
Children in particular experience a multitude of viral illnesses during their early years.
Viruses cause all kinds of infections from relatively mild cases of the flu to deadly outbreaks of Ebola. Clearly, not all viruses are equal and one of these differences is when you can infect others.
Early HIV treatment is a win-win strategy.
Starting HIV treatment early, before immune damage occurs, brings real clinical benefits, a new study has shown.
PrEP is a game-changer for couples where one person is HIV positive, allowing natural conception with minimal risk.
A new pill available could enable people living with HIV to conceive children through sex without risking the health of their HIV-negative partner.
Isolating the antibodies.
Immunotherapy has joined anti-retroviral drug therapy as a means to combat HIV.
Treatment can be prevention.
Image of pill via nito/Shutterstock
Ever since combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) was introduced in 1996, HIV has been transformed from a fatal diagnosis to a chronic and manageable condition for many people. ART made it possible for…
Like some other viruses, HIV hides in various places in the body, including in long-lived immune cells like this one.
A second case of a baby who was ostensibly “cured” of HIV after early treatment has been discounted as a possible breakthrough…
The “shock and kill” approach flushes out the infected cells in hiding
A combination of four drugs can flush out HIV-infected cells from hidden reservoirs in the body and kill them with a boost…
The “Mississippi baby” – a child who generated a great deal of excitement last year after being seemingly cured of HIV – now has detectable levels of HIV in the blood, according to doctors and health officials…
Advances are being made towards a HIV cure but with 34 million affected worldwide there’s still a lot of work to be done to help manage it.
Wikimedia Commons/C Goldsmith
Until a few years ago there was no talk of curing HIV. Research focused on making anti-HIV drugs better, trying to find a vaccine or understanding why they didn’t seem to be working. Another area was public…