What’s north would become south.
Are we headed to a magnetic reversal and all the global disruption that would bring? Enter archaeomagnetism. A look at the archaeological record in southern Africa provides some clues.
Marcoo was a 1.4 kilotonne ground-level nuclear test carried out at Maralinga in 1956. The contaminated debris was buried at this site in the 1967 clean-up known as Operation Brumby.
History is writ large in the remote areas around Woomera and the Nullarbor: from the fossils of microscopic, cell-like creatures to ancient stone tools to the deitrus of rocket tests and the painful legacy of the Maralinga atomic blasts.
Children representing the diversity of contemporary multicultural Australia stand near a sign depicting an ‘idealised’ white Australia. Blackwood Recreation Centre, South Australia, 2015.
Photo: C. Smith
How might an Aboriginal person in the Northern Territory experience racism? There are many material signs that can make a person feel excluded from society.
Alongside a road, under the ground a medieval manor lies waiting.
ender4000/Lost City of Trellech
Ploughing his life savings into buying the land under which the lost city lies, Stuart Wilson has made a once-in-a-lifetime discovery.
Third-year archaeology student Dominic Coe replicates a painting of rhino based on the original image in France’s Grotte Chauvet.
In an ideal world, students might visit original cave sites to see ancient paintings in their natural setting. This isn't possible, so the idea of an artificial cave set-up at a university was born.
The 2007 midwinter solstice illumination of the main altar tabernacle of Old Mission San Juan Bautista, California.
Rubén G. Mendoza/Ancient Editions
At many Spanish missions in the US and Latin America, the rising sun illuminates the altar on the winter solstice or other symbolic days. To the faithful, these events meant that Christ was with them.
Mysterious lumps found at the bottom of a 7th-century burial ship have turned out to be bitumen from the Middle East. But how did they get there?
Virtual reality model of the west wall of the guild chapel, Stratford on Avon.
© University of York
Due to recent restoration, the paintings are clearer than they have ever been over the last 600 years.
Terracotta warriors date from over 2,000 years ago and are considered to be one of the most important recent archaeological finds.
For centuries, historians have assumed that 'primitive societies' couldn’t have possibly come up with advanced techniques on their own.
Pages from the Grolier Codex, rare surviving fragments of the Maya past.
The handful of Maya books through which we know about their civilisation grows one larger as archaeologists confirm Grolier codex as genuine.
University of York/Lorne Campbell (Guzelian )
Wetland disappearance is destroying organic historical evidence that's been preserved for thousands of years.
Conflict archaeology is disturbing – students need to be prepared.
An archaeology lecturer was lambasted for allowing students to step out if they get upset. Why he was right to do so.
The ruins of the city Cyrene, an ancient Greek and Roman city near present-day Shahhat in Libya.
Hand over your travel photos and help build digital 3D recreations of threatened heritage sites.
Sian Tiley-Nel, chief curator, University of Pretoria Museums
Treasures from pre-colonial southern Africa were suppressed because they contradicted apartheid's official history.
Ludovic Mann (right) and a colleague studying the site in 1930s.
Historic Environment Scotland
It's arguably Europe's premier Bronze Age art site -– but it has spent the last 50 years hidden underground.
Archaeologists on the front lines.
Jonathan Cohen/Binghamton University
Cultural resource management archaeologists don't choose where they dig. Instead they identify, evaluate and preserve cultural heritage sites in locations slated for development.
The portrait painted by John Cooke in 1915. Back row: (left to right) F. O. Barlow, G. Elliot Smith, Charles Dawson, Arthur Smith Woodward.
Fossils claiming to be the missing link between ape and humans were manipulated in such a way that Charles Dawson, who discovered them, was most likely the forger.
Personal ‘hygiene sticks’ used in toilets on the Silk Road.
Hui-Yuan Yeh. Reproduced from the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.
How a research team identified parasites in 'hygiene sticks' that travellers on the Silk Road effectively used as their toilet paper.
The fragmented remains of the Antikythera mechanism.
A bronze artefact rescued from a Greek shipwreck could hold the secrets of the universe.
A replica of the remains of “Lucy” at the National Museum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
When it comes to valuable African fossils, much is at stake. They often unearth disputed ways of debating archaeology as a science of ‘discovery’.