Brindabellaspis had eyes on the top of the head, facing upwards, and a skull stretched into a long and broad snout. Although around 400 million years old, it was clearly a specialised fish.
Following NASA's latest discovery of organic matter on the red planet, new findings in a salt lake in California could point to where to look for alien life.
The discovery of two separate fossils tetrapod species proves that they lived all over the world by the end of Devonian.
The 19th-century British anatomist Richard Owen downplayed the role of colonial contributors and largely ignored the importance of Aboriginal testimony and knowledge in describing the marsupial lion.
NASA and ESA have signed a letter of intent to collect samples from Mars and return them to Earth.
How we discovered ancient footprints of early human hunters and their megafauna prey.
A study has found that a local event rather than a global shift in climate caused the mass extinction in South Africa.
A jaw bone found on a beach in Somerset could be from the largest ichthyosaur of its kind ever discovered.
How we found the oldest human fossil ever discovered outside Africa and the Levant.
DNA studies reveal that African elephants belong to a very successful and widespread family.
New research uses pathology in dinosaur bones to look at predator-prey interactions in the fossil record.
Plants, in their fossil forms, can reveal a great deal about past environments and climates.
Bipedal movement has existed in modern reptiles for much longer than we previously knew.
Little skates that 'walk' across the ocean floor show how fish brains evolved to pave the way for working legs.
A drying climate caused a mass extinction among plants, but paved the way for the ancestors of modern reptiles, mammals, and birds.
This new research offers compelling proof that the naysayers were right. "Mrs" Ples was actually a "Mr".
Scientists believe since 2010 we have entered the sixth period of mass extinction. CO2 emissions will change the lives of plants and animals in the next three to four decades.
New discoveries are changing archaeologists' ideas about the origins of our own species and our migration out of Africa. This fossil pushes Homo sapiens' African exodus date back by 50,000 years.
Lepidoptera insects are at least 70m years older than we previously knew.
As a new David Attenborough documentary examines a remarkable fossil, a leading expert gives his verdict.