Two fossils found in South Africa provide direct evidence of parental care in extinct pre-mammalian ancestors.
The evidence of a much earlier presence of humans in Indonesia was found more than 100 years ago. But only now has the age of the fossil teeth been accurately dated.
One of Australia's most distinguished palaeontologists will be farewelled at a funeral in Canberra today.
As an intellectual history of the disciplines of paleontology and paleoanthropology, Kuljan’s book is especially adept at narrating the interwoven connections between science and power.
Africa has one of the world's richest fossil records, and evidence suggests that amateurs collected really important fossils long before professionals arrived on the scene.
Evidence of Homo naledi's age suggests we need to rethink our understanding of human history and evolution.
A burst of wet weather could have helped to kill off mammoths and other large herbivores, by transforming much of the world's grasslands into bogs and forests and depriving megafauna of food.
Researchers pieced together evidence from fossils that had been sitting in museums for years.
A new fossil study challenges 130 years of thinking about how dinosaurs evolved.
The first truly terrestrial animals evolved from ancient fishes that left the water for land. But what prompted to move has been a mystery.
Tiny tubes and filaments of iron found in rocks in Canada turned out to be the remains of microbes from over 3.7 billion years ago.
A 245m year old fossil is the first evidence that of live births in one of the major groups of animals.
The Natural History Museum's 'Dippy' the diplodocus skeleton is about to be become a giant 3D jigsaw.
There might have been as many as 160,000 types of dinosaur, give or take.
Scientists have long believed that our distant cousins are the placoderms, and ancient group of armoured fish. But a new study is casting doubt on that view.
A set of fossils that lay forgotten in a museum are revealing new secrets about Britain's prehistoric wildlife.
A 133 million-year-old fossil hints that dinosaurs had bigger brains than we've realised.
Uncovering the monsters of the prehistoric deep.
An exciting discovery suggests small pterosaurs weren't forced out by the rise of birds.
New research reveals that the first songbirds emerged from Australia when a new chain of islands formed.