The discovery made by three Nobel Prize winning chemists is one of biology's most important safeguards against imperfection in DNA.
Cells must repair the thousands of bits of DNA damage they incur every day. These cellular mechanisms fend off cancerous tumors, and cancer researchers are working to harness their power.
The recipients of this year's Nobel Prize for Chemistry showed that DNA is far from static. Rather, it is bombarded by damaging forces, but our bodies know how to repair these precious strands.
The 1000 Genome Project has revealed the genetic variations that exist among people around the world, and discovered that some people are missing many genes.
There's an issue of impunity around sexual violence in conflict zones. Here's how science could help us solve it.
The origin of life is still an unsolved riddle. How were life's building blocks first assembled?
A DNA-powered PC may not be on the horizon, but DNA can still compute even if it can't build a computer.
While many of the fruits of the human genome project could be decades away, DNA sequencing of drug-resistant bacteria has been striding forwards
Until more is understood, it's sensible to limit experimentation that would make changes to germ line cells that would be passed on to future generations.
It takes a careful balance between art and science to illustrate the processes that take place within our cells and explain the complexities of epigenetics.
What if you could take a simple test to reveal your individual risk of developing a range of cancers and hundreds of other diseases?
Using DNA testing, researchers find that most elephant poaching is happening in two spots – crucial information to stopping the flow of ivory out of Africa.
Science-fiction, to some extent, can indeed create science.
Organic dinosaur remains were thought to be extremely rare – until now.
Genetic techniques are helping scientists work out how to stop invasive species before they rack up huge environmental and financial costs.
A breakthrough in genetic of the human embryo raises the question of whether we want to create designer babies with greater athletic abilities.
Microbe can explain how ancient ancestors of simple cells like bacteria evolved into the complex cells that make up humans.
microRNA used to be dismissed as "junk DNA", but it plays an important role regulating the other genes in our genome.
The change of lifestyle from 10,000 years ago had a dramatic impact on the male divefrsity revealed in DNA.
It's not genes that make mammals so different but the 'on/off' switching.